Alfred Nobel, the Swedish Scholar and Inventor, had a vision and so in his will articulated the need for creation of Nobel Prize, to be founded out of his fortune.
In the honour of “ those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind.”.
And so got instituted the Nobel Prizes in the late memory of the noted scholar and inventor of dynamite in 1895. The Nobel Prizes are categorized into five categories according the Alfred Nobel’s will.
Annually the awards are bestowed up on the achieving the excellence leading to important discoveries benefiting mankind in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Medicine and Peace prizes for efforts that abolish the existing war and strife among the nations and people.
And the first Nobel awards were distributed in the year 1901.
This years Awards in the field of Physics have been presented two Japanese researchers and an American colleague for advanced particle physics.
The names are
1. Yoichiro Nambu (USA) for “for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics"
2. Makoto kobayashi (Japan)
3. Toshihide Masakawi ( Japan ) "for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature".
Mr Yoichiro Nambu shares half the Prize money while Mr Makoto and Toshilde share the other half, quarter each of the total Prize money according to the Nobel Committee.
The Nobel Prize for medicine has been conferred on.
1.Harald zur Hausen, ( Germany ) for the discovery of virus causing Cervical Cancer.
2.Francoise Barré-Sinoussi ( France )
3.Luc Montagnier. ( France ) for the discovery of Virus HIV.
Harald zur Hausen shares half of the Prize money in the award for medicine and the other half by the French Researchers, quarter each of the total Prize money according to the Nobel Committtee.
Alfred Nobel's Last will and Testament